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Coordinate Conjunctions

Function  Coordinate Conjunctions Correlative Conjunctions Adverbial Connectors
sequence, amplifica-tion, expansion additive und – and sowohl . . . als auch – both . . . and, as well as

sowohl . . . wie auch – both . . . and, as well as

nicht nur . . . sondern auch – not only . . . but also (stressed additive)

weder . . . noch – neither . . . nor (negative additive)

zunächst – first
explicative und auch – and also

geschweige denn – much less, never mind (negative explicative)

außerdem – moreover

dazu – in addition, with it, to it, for it, etc.

überdies – moreover, furthermore

zudem – moreover, furthermore, in addition

so wie- as well as

ja – even

ja sogar – even (stressed explicative)

geschweige daß – let alone, never mind, much less

ohnehin – anyway

contrast alternative oder – or

oder auch – or even

entweder . . . oder – either . . . or (emphatic)
adversative aber – but dagegen – on the other hand, however

hingegen – however, on the other hand

comparative als (denn) – than (unequal)

wie – as (equal)

anders als – different from
corrective zwar aber – it’s true, but

doch – but

jedoch – however

sondern – rather (corrective after negative statement)

sondern vielmehr – rather much more (see )

aber vielmehr – but much more (corrective after positive statement)

allein – however, but

nur – only, just (stressing a limitation)

allerdings – though (polite limitation)

freilich – admittedly (polite limitation)

wenigstens – at least (weakening of an assertion)

zumindest – at least (weakening of an assertion)

assertive aber – but

(und) doch – but

dennoch – nevertheless, nonetheless, still

dessenungeachtet – nevertheless, notwithstanding (this)

gleichwohl – nevertheless, nonetheless immerhin – all the same, anyhow, at any rate, at least, after all

indessen – however

nichtsdestoweniger – nevertheless, nonetheless

trotzdem – nevertheless

restrictive insofern – in this respect

insoweit – in this respect

reason or consequence reason denn – for nähmlich – namely, to wit

ja – now that

eben – just, simply

doch – after all, anyway, all the same

cause also – so, therefore

folglich – consequently, therefore

mithin – consequently, therefore

deshalb – consequently, therefore

deswegen – consequently, therefore

infolgedessen – consequently, therefore

somit – consequently, therefore

so . . . denn – therefore

demnach – therefore, accordingly

nun – (obs) since,

daher – that is why, hence

darum – that’s why, because of that

deshalb – therefore

deswegen – therefore

infolgedessen – consequently, as a result (of that)

entsprechend – accordingly, correspondingly

daraufhin – as a result, thereupon

conditional andernfalls – otherwise

sonst – otherwise, or (else)